NOW SpinRite 6.1 – Fast and useful for spinning and solid state mass storage!

Our weekly audio security column
& podcast by Steve Gibson and Leo Laporte
TechTV's Leo Laporte and I spend somewhat shy of two hours each week to discuss important issues of personal computer security. Sometimes we'll discuss something that just happened. Sometimes we'll talk about long-standing problems, concerns, or solutions. Either way, every week we endeavor to produce something interesting and important for every personal computer user.

(This was not our idea. It was created by a fan of the podcast using GIMP (similar to
Photoshop). But as a work of extreme image manipulation, it came out surprisingly well.)

 You may download and listen to selected episodes from this page (see below), or subscribe to the ongoing series as an RSS "podcast" to have them automatically downloaded to you as they are produced. To subscribe, use whichever service you prefer . . .

 Click here to subscribe and receive a podcast summary and show notes link before each new episode is recorded.

 Send us your feedback: Registering your email address with us, even if you choose not to subscribe, will enable you to send email to the “Security Now” email.

 Leo also produces "This Week in Tech" (TWiT) and a number of other very popular podcasts. So if you are looking for more informed technology talk, be sure to check out Leo's other podcasts and mp3 files.

Episode Archive

Each episode has SIX resources:

High quality 64 kbps mp3 audio file
Quarter size, bandwidth-conserving,
16 kbps (lower quality) mp3 audio file
A PDF file containing Steve's show notes
A web page text transcript of the episode
A simple text transcript of the episode
Ready-to-print PDF (Acrobat) transcript  

(Note that the text transcripts will appear a few hours later
than the audio files since they are created afterwards.)

For best results: RIGHT-CLICK on one of the two audio icons & below then choose "Save Target As..." to download the audio file to your computer before starting to listen. For the other resources you can either LEFT-CLICK to open in your browser or RIGHT-CLICK to save the resource to your computer.
Click to Manage EmailYou may subscribe to our Security Now! email list to receive these summaries, a link to the full show notes and picture of the week before each podcast recording. Click this box to subscribe and manage email.
Click HERE to see a sample weekly email.

Episode #984 | 23 July 2024 | ... min.

What do we know about how the FBI broke into the smartphone of Trump's deceased would-be assassin? Cisco scored another very rare CVSS 10.0 for a serious remote authentication vulnerability. If you're affected you MUST update! Untrusted Entrust's plan for the future is revealed. Surprisingly, Google loses the anti-3rd-party cookie battle. 3rd-party cookies stay. More interesting experiences from GRC's weekly Security Now podcast mailings. Now we know why the company named itself "Snowflake". A collection of interesting listener feedback follow-ups on recent discussions. And we learn what in, literally, the world happened to allow CrowdStrike to crash 8.5 million Windows gateways, servers and workstations to cause the largest IT outage of all time.
 960 KB   <-- Show Notes

Episode #983 | 16 July 2024 | 115 min.
A Snowflake's Chance

How can content delivery networks be used safely? What do we learn from the ransomware attack that affected 15,000 auto dealers? Guess who uses an Entrust certificate and when it expires? How worried should we be about attack aftermath? Whose side is Microsoft really on? Let's look at their history. How is GRC's new weekly Security Now mailing going? And what about feedback? And, finally, the company named “Snowflake” was the epicenter of what has now become the largest series of corporate data breaches in history (and that's saying something). Naturally there's been a lot of finger pointing. So who's saying what, and what appears to be most likely?
55 MB 14 MB  482 KB   <-- Show Notes 131 KB 89 KB 293 KB

Episode #982 | 09 July 2024 | 104 min.
The Attack

What was Entrust's response to Google's decision to refuse trust of any of their TLS certificates signed after October 2024? How have the other CA's responded to this new “opportunity”? What's a Passkey Redaction Attack? – And how worried should you be? And speaking of Passkeys, why not just have each website hold as many as we need? Wouldn't adding port knocking in front of the serious OpenSSH flaw we discussed last week prevent the problem? And if so, what's the larger lesson to be learned? And what about blocking an IP after some number of failed attempts? And finally, once again the Internet dodged a potentially devastating bullet. What happened and what significant lesson should we take away?
50 MB 13 MB  386 KB   <-- Show Notes 120 KB 79 KB 281 KB

Episode #981 | 02 July 2024 | 133 min.
The End of Entrust Trust

Why does everyone running OpenSSH need to patch immediately? Who just moved 50 bitcoins minted in 2010? (Sadly, it wasn't me.) How are things going with our intrepid Voyager 1? What features have I removed from GRC's email system? And what embarrassingly affordable commercial emailing system do I now recommend without reservation? Who's a "she" and not a "he"? What's recently been happening with SyncThing? Why do I use DNS for freeware release management? And what in the world happened to cause one of the industry's original SSL/TLS certificate authorities to fall from grace and lose all future access to Chrome's root store? Another really great episode of Security Now! is yours for the taking.
64 MB 16 MB  218 KB   <-- Show Notes 154 KB 100 KB 342 KB

Episode #980 | 25 Jun 2024 | 106 min.
The Mixed Blessing of a Crappy PRNG

How long did it take for Windows' recent horrific WiFi flaw to be weaponized? What are the implications of the U.S. Commerce Department's total ban on Kaspersky? How is the Kremlin reacting? Why would an EU privacy watchdog file a complaint against Google for their Privacy Sandbox? When is an email tracking bug not a tracking bug? What can this podcast do to help a well known security researcher present his work at DEFCON and BlackHat this summer? What's another near-certainty for Microsoft's plan for Recall? What two mistakes have I been making on this podcast? And why might a really bad password generator wind up being a good thing?
51 MB 13 MB  436 KB   <-- Show Notes 136 KB 85 KB 305 KB

Episode #979 | 18 Jun 2024 | 108 min.
The Angle of the Dangle

Why is updating your Windows laptop with last week's patches potentially much more important than usual? CoPilot+'s Recall feature won't be released today; what happened? Was Recall recalled? What does Johns Hopkins well-known cryptographer think about Apple's new Private Cloud Compute concept? How could the WGET command-line utility possibly have a CVSS 10.0 vulnerability? Or does it? What order did Google, Cloudflare and Cisco recently receive from a Parisian court? And after a brief GRC email update and three pieces of closing the loop feedback from our listeners, we're going to examine exactly how Microsoft lost control of their subdomain and why the underlying problem is far bigger than them.
52 MB 13 MB  594 KB   <-- Show Notes 137 KB 87 KB 311 KB

Episode #978 | 11 Jun 2024 | 124 min.
The rise and fall of

How has Microsoft responded to the tidal wave of criticism over Recall? And what about Google? Who else recently lost control of their data? Apple devices will be getting a password manager? What about iCloud? Is that a drone recording a wedding, or a Chinese Communist Party surveillance device? What did SlashData's survey of more than 10,000 coders reveal about their use of AI and choice of language? And if AIs can code, what's the career future for programmers? Why has the Linux Kernel project suddenly begun spewing CVEs in great number? Will we be able to order pizza in the future? What did one listener discover when he attempted to register his new Passkey devices across the Internet? And how did a stunning mistake at Microsoft turn into a goldmine of attacker intelligence?
59 MB 15 MB  797 KB   <-- Show Notes 139 KB 97 KB 324 KB

Episode #977 | 04 Jun 2024 | 110 min.
A Large Language Model in Every Pot

When is a simpler application better than something complex? How did the first week of GRC's new email system go? Have you been Pwned? And if so, how worried should you be? What's the latest new supply-chain attack vector? What certificate authority just lost all their TLS server business? And remember that early messaging service ICQ? - whatever became of it? Finally, after I share a tip about a perfect science fiction movie, two pieces of listener feedback and one user's happiness over SpinRite, we're going to look at what a prominent security researcher learned after using Microsoft's Recall for ten days, and why I think Microsoft is willing to bet the farm and risk the dire warnings of the entire security community over this unasked for capability.
48 MB 12 MB  2,147 KB   <-- Show Notes 116 KB 78 KB 278 KB

Episode #976 | 28 May 2024 | 116 min.
The 50 Gigabyte Privacy Bomb

Why is Google's AI Overview fundamentally impossible today? And what's the latest news on how to suppress it? What's LastPass' decade-late announcement? Why and when is a VPN not a VPN? Are eMMC chips really impossible to replace? Are vertical tabs finally coming to Firefox? What's one well informed listener think about Fritz!Box network appliances? And what's just about the worst thing that could be done with 4-digit PINs? Were we guilty of WinXP abuse by exposing it to today's Internet? And how can Security Now! listeners now send email directly to me? Yes! GRC's new email system is alive. After looking at all of that, we're going to examine the latest crazy idea from Microsoft which deliberately plants a 50 gigabyte privacy bomb right in the middle of all Windows 11 PCs.
56 MB 14 MB  513 KB   <-- Show Notes 158 KB 95 KB 343 KB

Episode #975 | 21 May 2024 | 116 min.
312 Scientists & Researchers Respond

Which browser has had a very rough week? And why? Which bodily fluid should you probably not drink despite Google's recommendation? And how can you tweak your browser to avoid those in the future? What happens when a Windows XP machine is exposed to the unfiltered Internet? Duck and Cover! How did a pair of college kids get their laundry washed for free? And what do we learn about still-clueless corporations? And finally, after engaging with some terrific listener feedback, we're going to examine the latest thought-provoking response to the EU's proposed Child Sexual Abuse Regulation from their own scientific and research community.
55 MB 14 MB  805 KB   <-- Show Notes 127 KB 89 KB 295 KB

Episode #974 | 14 May 2024 | 99 min.
Microsoft's head in the Clouds

What fascinating insights do we obtain from examining 3.4 million 4-digit PINs? What plans are already underway as a backup for today's vulnerable GPS technology? How many passkeys will websites store per account? And what's all this about Microsoft promising to get serious about their cloud-based services security?
48 MB 12 MB  687 KB   <-- Show Notes 106 KB 75 KB 253 KB

Episode #973 | 07 May 2024 | 129 min.
Not So Fast

What danger is presented by the world's dependence upon GPS? And why is that of any concern? Has the sky fallen on all VPN systems? And why does the tech press appear to think so? Today's myriad network authentication options are confusing and incomplete. What does the future promise? Why might Apple have been erasing iCloud Keychain data? And what's actually going on between Google and the United Kingdom regarding the sunsetting of 3rd-party cookies? What's the problem? Or is there one?
62 MB 15 MB  369 KB   <-- Show Notes 153 KB 104 KB 345 KB

Episode #972 | 30 Apr 2024 | 119 min.
Passkeys: A Shattered Dream?

The choice for this week's main topic received some serious competition from some surprising legislation that came into effect yesterday in the United Kingdom. So we're going to start by taking a close look at what happened in the UK that promises to completely change the face of consumer IoT device security. As we'll see, that's not an overstatement; the world as we've known it just changed. While that exploration is going to consume most of the first half of today's podcast, I also want to look at what happened last week with Chrome's change of plan regarding 3rd-party cookies, I have a bit of listener feedback to share, and news of the next installment in a long-running science fiction book series. I also have the welcome news that I am finally working on bringing up GRC's eMail communications system. Then we'll finish by taking a look at a blog posting by an industry insider that many of our listeners forwarded to me asking “what do you think about this?”.
57 MB 14 MB  907 KB   <-- Show Notes 139 KB 95 KB 318 KB

Episode #971 | 23 Apr 2024 | 123 min.
Chat (out of) Control

What would you call Stuxnet on steroids? What's the latest on the Voyager 1 drama? What new features are coming to Android and Thunderbird? What's China done now? Why did Gentoo Linux say 'no' to AI? And after sharing and discussing a bunch of feedback from our terrific listeners and a SpinRite update, we're going to examine the latest update to the European Union's worrisome "Chat Control" legislation which is reportedly just over a month away from becoming law. Is the EU about to force the end of end-to-end encryption in order to enable and require the scanning of all encrypted communications? It appears ready to do just that.
59 MB 15 MB  912 KB   <-- Show Notes 164 KB 99 KB 346 KB

Episode #970 | 16 Apr 2024 | 99 min.

What's the latest on that massive five year old AT&T data breach? Who just leaked more than 340,000 social security numbers, Medicare data and more, and what does that mean? Are websites honoring their cookie banner notification permissions? And why do we already know the answer to that question? What surprise has the GDPR's transparency requirements just revealed? And after sharing a bit of feedback from our listeners, we're going to go deeper into raw fundamental computer science technology than we have in a long time... and it may be inadvisable to operate any heavy equipment while listening to that part.
47 MB 12 MB  801 KB   <-- Show Notes 118 KB 78 KB 315 KB

Episode #969 | 09 Apr 2024 | 97 min.
Minimum Viable Secure Product

When is it far better for a security researcher to just keep their mouth shut? Are all Internet-based secure note exchanging sites created equal? What's been happening in the lucrative and slimy world of 0-days for pay? And what has NASA just learned about the state of Voyager 1? Something momentous has happened with SpinRite, and we're going to take a deep dive into an important industry initiative that just acquired an important new contributor.
47 MB 12 MB  491 KB   <-- Show Notes 116 KB 75 KB 309 KB

Episode #968 | 02 Apr 2024 | 94 min.
A Cautionary Tale

Why should all Linux users update their systems if they haven't since February? What do 73 million current and past AT&T customers all have in common? What additional and welcome, though very different, new features await Signal and Telegram users? Which major IT supplier has left Russia early? What did Ghostery's ad blocking profile reveal about Internet users? Whatever happened with that Incognito-mode lawsuit against Google? And how are things going in the open source repository world? And then, after I share something kinda special that happened Sunday involving my Wife, SpinRite and her laptop – and it's probably not what you think – we're going to take a look at another rather horrifying bullet that the Internet dodged again.
45 MB 11 MB  1.23 MB   <-- Show Notes 108 KB 73 KB 284 KB

Episode #967 | 26 Mar 2024 | 105 min.

After I comment on US Departement of Justice's antitrust suit against Apple, we'll update on General Motor's violation of its car owner's privacy and answer some questions, including what happy news is Super Sushi Samurai celebrating? Has Apple abandoned its plans for HomeKit-compatible routers? And what appears to be shaping up to take their place? Will our private networks be receiving their own domain names? And if so, what? The UN has spoken out about AI -- does anyone care? and what do I think the prospects are of us controlling AI? What significant European country just blocked Telegram? What did the just-finished 2024 Pwn2Own competition teach? Might the US be hacking back against China as they are against us? And after a bit of interesting SpinRite news and a bit of feedback from our listeners, we're going to spent the rest of our time looking into last week's quite explosive headlines about the apparently horrific unfixable flaws in Apple's M-series silicon. Just how bad is it?
51 MB 13 MB  263 KB   <-- Show Notes 144 KB 87 KB 352 KB

Episode #966 | 19 Mar 2024 | 118 min.
Morris The Second

Voyager lives! (Maybe). The world wide web just turned 35. What does its Dad think? What's the latest horrific violation of consumer privacy to come to light? Our listeners have been extremely engaged and interested in several of this podcast's recent topics. So we're going to use their feedback to finish off several of those topics. And finally, we look at how a group of Cornell University researchers managed to get today's generative AI models to behave badly and at just how much of a cautionary tale this may be.
57 MB 14 MB  756 KB   <-- Show Notes 108 KB 91 KB 298 KB

Episode #965 | 12 Mar 2024 | 134 min.
Passkeys vs 2FA

What happened with CERT? What headache has VMware been dealing with? What's Microsoft's latest vulnerability disclosure strategy? What's China's “Document 79,” and is it any surprise? What long-awaited new feature is in version 7.0 of Signal? How is Meta coping with the EU's new Digital Marketing Act that just went into effect? What's the latest on that devastating ransomware attack on Change Healthcare? And after addressing some interesting feedback from our listeners, I want to clarify something about Passkeys that is not at all obvious.
64 MB 16 MB  438 KB   <-- Show Notes 123 KB 105 KB 344 KB

Episode #964 | 05 Mar 2024 | 119 min.

Last week we covered a large amount of security news; this week, not so much. There are security stories I'll be catching us up with next week, but after sharing a wonderful piece of writing about the fate of Voyager 1, news of an attractive new Humble Bundle, a tip of the week from a listener, a bit of SpinRite news and a number of interesting discussions resulting from feedback from our listeners, our promised coverage of Apple's new “PQ3” post-quantum safe iMessage protocol consumed the entire balance of this week's podcast budget, bulging today's show notes to a corpulent 21 pages. I think everyone's going to have a good time.
57 MB 14 MB  438 KB   <-- Show Notes 140 KB 95 KB 360 KB

Episode #963 | 27 Feb 2024 | 112 min.
Web Portal? Yes Please!

What US state is now trying to ban encryption for minors? What shocking truth did a recent survey of IT professionals reveal? What experimental feature from Edge is Chrome inheriting? Are online services really selling our private data? And what about browser add-ons? Should we be paying extra to obtain cloud security logs? Now that the dust has settled, what happened with LockBit? What new features just appeared in Firefox v123? And what lesson have we just received another horrific example of? I have news on the GRC software front, and we have a bunch of interesting feedback from our terrific podcast listeners. So another jam-packed episode of Security Now.
54 MB 13 MB  341 KB   <-- Show Notes 148 KB 93 KB 363 KB

Episode #962 | 20 Feb 2024 | 120 min.
The Internet Dodged a Bullet

What's the worst mistake that the provider of remotely accessible residential webcams could possibly make? What surprises did last week's Patch Tuesday bring? Why would any website put an upper limit on password length? And for that matter, what's up with no use of special characters? Will Canada's ban on importing the Flipper-Zero hacking gadgets reduce car theft? Exactly why didn't the Internet build-in security from the start? How could they miss that? Doesn't Facebook's notice of a previous password leak information? Why isn't TOTP just another password that's unknown to an attacker? Can exposing SNMP be dangerous? Why doesn't eMail's general lack of encryption and other security make eMail-only login very insecure? And, finally, what major cataclysm did the Internet just successfully dodge? And is it even possible to have a “minor cataclysm”? Today, we'll be taking a number of deep dives after we examine a potential solution to global warming and energy production as shown in our terrific picture of the week. Some things are so obvious in retrospect.
58 MB 14 MB  271 KB   <-- Show Notes 140 KB 93 KB 358 KB

Episode #961 | 13 Feb 2024 | 113 min.
Bitlocker: Cracked or Chipped?

What's the story behind the massive incredible 3 million toothbrush takeover attack? How many honeypots are out there on the Internet? What's the best technology to use to access your home network while traveling? Exactly why is password security all just an illusion? Does detecting and reporting previously used passwords create a security weakness? Will Apple's opening of iOS in the EU drive a browser monoculture? Can anything be done to secure our router's UPnP? Has anyone encountered the “Unintended Consequences” we theorized last week? Are running personal eMail servers no longer practical? And what's up with the recently reported vulnerability in many TPM-protected Bitlocker systems?
54 MB 14 MB  739 KB   <-- Show Notes 142 KB 90 KB 359 KB

Episode #960 | 06 Feb 2024 | 108 min.
Unforeseen Consequences

What move has CISA just made that affects our home routers? What serious flaw was discovered in a core C library used everywhere by Linux? Does OpenSSL still have a future? What's Roskomnadzor done now? How can a password manager become proactive with Passkey adoption? Which favorite browser just added post-quantum crypto? What prevents spoofing the images taken by digital signing cameras? Why are insecure PLC devices ever attached to the Internet? And what may be an undesirable and unforeseen consequence of Google's anti-tracking changes?
52 MB 13 MB  314 KB   <-- Show Notes 132 KB 85 KB 338 KB

Episode #959 | 30 Jan 2024 | 121 min.
Stamos on “Microsoft Security”

What changes will the EU's soon-to-be-in-force Digital Markets Act be bringing to Apple's traditional iOS policies? What OS is ransomware unable to infect? What has HP done now with their printer ink policy? How many stolen user database records will fit in 12 terabytes? Can't you just delete that incriminating chat stream? Did Mercedes-Benz leave their doors unlocked? What's a latest on ransom payments rates? And after entertaining some questions from our terrific listeners and a long-awaited announcement from me, we're going to take a look at Alex Stamos' reaction to Microsoft's most recent security incident response.
58 MB 15 MB  1.2 MB   <-- Show Notes 159 KB 96 KB 397 KB

Episode #958 | 23 Jan 2024 | 121 min.
A Week of News and Listener Views

What mistake did Microsoft make that allowed Russians to access their top executive's eMail? What does the breach of US Health & Human Services teach us? What does Firefox's complaint about Apple, Google & Microsoft mean? Why has the Brave browser just reduced the strength of its anti-fingerprinting measures? Last year CISA started proactively scanning. How'd that go? What new feature of smartphones has become a competitive advantage? And just how Incognito is that mode? Then we'll wrap up the week by looking at some of the best feedback from our listeners, including what's the future of fraudulent media creation?, how should a high school listener of our gets started with computing?, why did a popular Android app suddenly become sketchy?, does Google's Privacy Sandbox allow websites to customize their presentations to their visitors?, how might last week's LG smart washing machine have become infected?, does the Protected Audience API also protect its audience from malvertising?, and why do big ISPs just pull the plug on DDoSed sites rather than attempt to protect them?
58 MB 14 MB  452 KB   <-- Show Notes 188 KB 103 KB 437 KB

Episode #957 | 16 Jan 2024 | 60 min.
The Protected Audience API

What would an IoT device that had been taken over, do? And what would happen to the target of attacks it might participate in? What serious problem was recently discovered in a new post-quantum algorithm and what does this mean? What does a global map of web browser usage reveal? And after entertaining some thoughts and feedback from our listeners and describing the final touch I'm putting on SpinRite, we're going to rock everyone's world (and I'm not kidding) by explaining what Google has been up to for the past three years, why it is going to truly change everything we know about the way advertisements are served to web browser users, and what it all means for the future.
43 MB 11 MB  718 KB   <-- Show Notes 109 KB 71 KB 274 KB

Episode #956 | 09 Jan 2024 | 103 min.
The Inside Tracks

I want to start off this week by following-up on last week's podcast about the hardware backdoor discovered in Apple's silicon, to support the conclusion I've reached since then, that this was deliberate on Apple's part, that they always knew about this, and why. Then we're going to wonder whether everyone is as cyber-vulnerable as Ukraine appears to be? And if so, why and just how serious could cyberattacks become? What's the latest on the mess over at 23andMe? How's cryptocurrency been faring, and are things getting better, staying the same, or getting worse? What Google Mandiant account got hacked? Just how seriously, and legally, do we take the term “war” in “cyberwar”, and what are the implications of that? LastPass recently announced some policy changes; even if they are about two years late, what lessons should the rest of the 'Net take away? During 2023, how did Windows 11 fare against Windows 10? What happens when users discover that Chrome's Incognito mode is still tracking them? And then, after exploring some questions from our terrific listeners, I want to share the result of some interesting research I conducted last week during the final days of the work on SpinRite 6.1 for this week's podcast, titled: ‘The Inside Tracks’.
49 MB 12 MB  828 KB   <-- Show Notes 147 KB 82 KB 356 KB

Episode #955 | 02 Jan 2024 | 102 min.
The Mystery of CVE-2023-38606

After everyone is updated with the state of my still-continuing work on SpinRite 6.1, and after I've shared a bit of feedback from our listeners, the entire balance of this first podcast of 2024 will be invested in the close and careful examination of the technical details surrounding something that has never before been found in Apple's custom proprietary silicon. As we will all see and understand by the time we're finished here today, it is something that can only be characterized as a deliberately designed, implemented and protected backdoor that was intended to be, and was, let loose and present in the wild. After we all understand what Apple has done through five successive generations of their silicon, today's podcast ends, as it must, by posing a single one-word question: Why?
49 MB 12 MB  302 KB   <-- Show Notes 150 KB 80 KB 350 KB
Past Years Archives

• Current Podcast Page
• Security Now 2023
• Security Now 2022
• Security Now 2021
• Security Now 2020
• Security Now 2019
• Security Now 2018
• Security Now 2017
• Security Now 2016
• Security Now 2015
• Security Now 2014
• Security Now 2013
• Security Now 2012
• Security Now 2011
• Security Now 2010
• Security Now 2009
• Security Now 2008
• Security Now 2007
• Security Now 2006
• Security Now 2005

Jump to top of page
Gibson Research Corporation is owned and operated by Steve Gibson.  The contents
of this page are Copyright (c) 2024 Gibson Research Corporation. SpinRite, ShieldsUP,
NanoProbe, and any other indicated trademarks are registered trademarks of Gibson
Research Corporation, Laguna Hills, CA, USA. GRC's web and customer privacy policy.
Jump to top of page

Last Edit: Jul 23, 2024 at 12:55 (1.69 days ago)Viewed 1,701 times per day